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Water Organizations in Southeast Asia

This page provides brief information about national sector organizations as well as national water associations in SEAWUN member countries. For organizations with a website, more detailed information can be obtained through clicking on the organizations logo or website address which links to the respective homepage.

Water Apex Bodies in SEAWUN Member Countries

A Water Apex Body is a national organization that guides the water sector in reforms for both water services and resource management. An apex body can take on a variety of forms, such as a national water resource council, committee, commission, board, or authority together with its supporting offices or secretariats.

The National Water Resources Council was established in 2008.

The Water Resources Coordinating Committee (WRCC) is chaired by the Water Resources and Environment Administration (WREA), and members come from Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (Vice Chairman), Ministry of Industry and Handicrafts, Ministry of Communications, Transport, Post and Construction, Ministry of Public Health, Ministry of Justice, Lao National Mekong Committee, Lao Women Union, Lao National Front for Construction.

The WRCC secretariat is located in the Water and Environment Resources Administration, Office of the Prime Minister.

Established in 1998, WRCC is responsible for coordinating line agencies in drafting of strategies and action plans, programs and regulations necessary for the planning, management, use and protection of water and water resources. It is also responsible for monitoring, control, promotion and reporting on the implementation of activities related to water and water resources.

Contact: Water Resources & Environment Administration, Prime Minister's Office, Vientiane, Lao PDR, Tel/Fax: +856 21 263 799, E-mail:, Website:

The National Resources Council (NWRC) was established in 1997. It is chaired by the Prime Minister, members are all State Chief Ministers and related Federal Ministries, i.e. Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MNRE), Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water, Ministry of Housing and Local Authorities, Ministry of Agriculture, and the Economic Planning Unit (EPU), Implementation and Coordination Unit (ICU) and Treasury.

The NWRC is administered by the MNRE.

NWRC’s functions are to formulate a National Water Policy; facilitate harmonious and synergistic cooperation between Federal and State Governments;  facilitate development, allocation and management of the national water resources; ensure that the development of national water resources is sustainable in terms of quantity and quality and ensure that all environmental requirements are adhered to; assist in the allocation of water resources for various users and decide priorities during emergencies; advise State governments on conservation, protection and gazetting of water catchments; and collect and collate information on national water resources and water demand.

Contact: Ministry of Natural Resources & Environment (Kementerian Sumber Asli & Alam Sekitar), Level 17, Lot 4G3, Precint 4, Federal Government Administrative Centre, 62514 Putrajaya, Tel: +60 3 8886 1111, Fax: +60 3 8889 2672, Website:

The National Water Resources Board (NWRB) is the lead government agency in the Philippine water sector, conferred with policy-making, regulatory and quasi-judicial functions. It is chaired by the Secretary of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources, vice chair is the Director General of the National Economic and Development Authority, and members are the Secretaries of the Departments of Health, Justice and Finance, the Director of the National Hydraulics Research Center, and the Executive Director of NWRB. Although independent, insofar as its regulatory and quasi-judicial functions are concerned, the NWRB is under the administrative supervision of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources, as an attached agency.

NWRB's functions and responsibilities are formulation and coordination of policies, programs and standards relating to the Philippine Water Sector; management and regulation all water-related activities; and regulation and monitoring of water utilities.

Contact: NATIONAL WATER RESOURCES BOARD, 8th Floor, NIA Building, EDSA, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines, Phone: +63 928-2365 / 920-2641, Fax No.: +63 920-2724, Email:, Website:

The Office of the National Water Resource Committee (NWRC) was established in 1996, and is chaired by the Prime Minister. NWRC members represent Ministries of Environment and Natural Resources, Agriculture and Cooperatives, Interior, and heads of state enterprises such as Metropolitan and Provincial Water Works Agencies, representatives of water users of state enterprises, representatives of water users organizations of all sectors, technical experts, qualified organizations of all sectors, technical experts, non-government organizations.

The Director General of the Department of Water Resources heads the secretariat of NWRC.

NWRC has the mandate to suggest water policies to the cabinet, comment on budget allocation to water projects, assign water rights to river basins, issue water permits for large-scale water use, supervise river basin organizations and resolve conflicts between river basins.

Contact: Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment  92 Soi Phohol Yothin 7, Phohol Yothin Road, Sam San Nai, Phayathai, Bangkok 10400 Thailand, Tel. +66 2278 8671 Fax. +66 2278 8670, Website:

Viet Nam
The National Water Resources Council (NWRC) is chaired by the Vice Prime Minister; standing member is Minister of Natural Resources and Environment; and other permanent members are the Vice Ministers of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment; Ministry of Agriculture and Rural  Development; Ministry of Fisheries; Ministry of Science and Technology; Ministry of Planning and Investment; Ministry of Finance; Ministry of National Defence; Ministry of Construction, Ministry of Transportation; Ministry of Industry; Ministry of Public Health; the Chairman of NWRC Office; and four specialists working in water sector.

The NWRC office is housed in the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment.

NWRC advises the Government, the Prime Minister on strategies and policies on national water resources, major river basin plans, projects for protection, exploitation and utilization of water resources and projects for flood control, management, protection, exploitation and utilization of international water sources and settlement of any disputes, develop the organization system, powers and responsibilities of State management agencies on water resources from central to local level.

Contact: 83 Nguyen Chi Thanh - Dong Da - Ha Noi, Tel: + 84 4 8343 911, Fax: + 84 4 8359 211,
E-mail:, Website:


National government organizations responsible for Water Supply and Sanitation in SEAWUN Member Countries

In all SEAWUN Member Countries the responsibilities for policies, regulation, and financing of water supply and sanitation are divided among several national government organizations.

In Lao PDR responsibilities for urban and rural water supply are separated. The Ministry of Public Works and Transport (MPWT), with (1) the Water Supply Regulatory Committee (WRSC) and the Water Supply Regulatory Office (WSRO) as regulator, and (2) the Water Supply Division (WSD) attached to the Department of Housing and Urban Planning (DHUP), as key technical and management Agency.

The Head of WSRO, Deputy Director General of DHUP, represents Lao PDR in the SEAWUN Board.

Contact: Ministry of Communications, Transport, Post and Construction, Department of Housing and Urban Planning, Lane Xang Avenue, Vientiane, Lao PDR, Tel/fax: + 856 21 451826, E-mail:, Website:

The Ministry of Public Health (MPH) is responsible for policies and strategies for rural water supply  as well as urban and rural environmental hygiene activities. This includes the setting of standards and monitoring of potable water quality.

The National Centre of Environmental Health and Water Supply (NEW), an organization under the MPH, is responsible for the management of technical aspects of rural water supply, and urban and rural environmental hygiene throughout the country.

The Ministry of Public Works (MPW) has the mandate for determining policies and standards for water supply and sanitation at the national level. As a technical department, MPW also issues technical regulations, i.e. Norms, Standards, Guidelines and Manuals (NSPM).

Contact: Jl. Pattimura No. 20, Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta 12110, Indonesia, Tel: + 62 21-7392262 20, and SUPPORTING DEVELOPMENT BOARD DRINKING WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM, Jl. Raden Patah I / 1 Former Lt. PLP Building. III - Jakarta Selatan III, Tel : + 62 021 7232319, Website:

The Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) through its Directorate General of Regional Development (PUOD) is responsible for the overall management and support of local water utilities. MoHA issues guidelines on: drinking water tariffs, utility management, management of loans, accounting systems, financial performance assessment and monitoring.

The Ministry of Health (MoH) establishes and enforces the drinking water quality standards.

The Ministry of Energy, Green Technology and Water (KeTTHA), Water Supply Branch of Public Works Department (JBA) and Department of Sewerage (JPP), formulates the policies and strategies for water supply and sanitation.
Block E4/5 Parcel E, Federal Government Administrative Centre, 62668 Putrajaya, Malaysia, Tel: 03-8883 6200, Fax: 03-8889 3712, e-mail :

The Ministry of Health (Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia) is responsible for the formulation and enforcement of standards on drinking water quality.

The National Water Services Commission (Suruhanjaya Perkhidmatan Air Negara – SPAN) is responsible for economic, technical and social regulations as well as protection of consumer interests.

The Water Asset Management Company (Pengurusan Aset Air Berhad– PAAB) provides financing for the development of the nation's water assets and leases such assets to water operators licensed by SPAN for operations and maintenance.

The key national agencies involved in the sector are the National Economic Development Authority (NEDA), Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH), Department of Finance (DOF), Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG), Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), National Anti-Poverty Commission (NAPC), Department of Health (DOH), Local Water Utilities Administration (LWUA), the National Water Resources Board (NWRB). Except for NWRB (Water Apex Body) and LWUA which are dedicated sector agencies, sector involvement forms only a small part of their overall mandates.

NEDA formulates and approves water sector policies and approves and monitors major development projects. NWRB is responsible for resources and economic regulation.
National Economic Development Authority, 12 Josemaria Escriva drive, Ortigas Center, Pasig City, Philippines, Tel: +63 2 6313176

LWUA is the lead national government agency for technical and financial assistance in urban water supply and sanitation LWUA operates under the DOH which is responsible for establishing and monitoring drinking water quality standards.

DILG and DPWH provide technical assistance for rural water supply and
sanitation services.

The Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources (MEWR) formulates Singapore’s water policies and strategies.
40 Scotts Road, #24-00, Environment Building, Singapore 228231, Tel: 67319000, Fax: 67319456, E-mail:, Website:

The Public Utility Board (PUB) is a statutory board under the Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources. It is the national water agency managing Singapore’s water supply, water catchment and used water.
The Director of the PUB Water Supply Network Department represents Singapore on the SEAWUN Board.

The Ministry for Natural Resources and Environment (MNRE) is responsible for water supply and sanitation policies as well as selected regulatory functions. Within the MNRE the Department of Water Resources is responsible for the national water policy, the Department of Groundwater Resources formulates groundwater policies and regulates groundwater use, and the Pollution Control Department has the mandate for waste water management and water quality.
92 Soi Phohol Yothin 7, Phohol Yothin Road, Sam San Nai, Phayathai, Bangkok 10400, Thailand, Tel. 0 2278 8671 Fax. 0 2278 8670, Website:

The Metropolitan Waterworks Authority and the Provincial Waterworks Authority are both state-owned enterprises under the Ministry of Interior (MoI) which provide water supply services to urban and suburban areas and set the tariffs in their service areas. The MoI, through its Department of Public Works, as well as the Department of Health provide assistance to rural water supply systems.

The Ministry of Construction (MoC) is responsible for policies and strategies for urban water supply and sanitation, while the Ministry of Agriculture Rural Development (MARD) is the line ministry of the rural areas. MoC also provides guidance on tariff setting for urban water supply and sanitation services.
37 Le Dai Han, Hanoi, Vietnam, Tel: + 84 43821 5137, Email :, Website:

The Ministry of Health (MoH) establishes and monitors drinking water quality standards.


National Water Associations in South East Asia

The Indonesian Water Supply Association – Persatuan Perusahaan Air Minum Seluruh Indonesia (PERPAMSI), established in 1972, is the national water supply organization with more than 300 water utilities (PDAM’s) as regular members. In addition, there are over 60 extraordinary members who are working in the field of water supply (suppliers, manufacturers, contractors, etc.)

PERPAMSI’s objective is to assist the Government in shaping and maintaining the independence of Indonesia, concentrating on the subject of Water Supply. Its aim is to improve management and operation of Water Utilities, based on existing and new guidelines and regulations, in a spirit of mutual respect and understanding, to fulfill the requirements for clean water for the whole population of Indonesia.

The main activities of PERPAMSI are lobbying of policies and regulations, coordinating of donor activities, develop certification schemes, training and education, piloting & dissemination of new technology/ approaches. PERPAMSI supports its members in implementing Corporate Plans, data collection and benchmarking, and it keeps strong relations with other water associations in the region. Since 1975, PERPAMSI publishes a monthly magazine named Majalah Air Minum.

PERPAMSI nominates the SEAWUN Board Member for Indonesia.

The Malaysian Water Association (MWA), founded in 1988, has more than 570 ordinary members and about 160 associating and institutional members. Members come from water supply and sewerage utilities, manufacturers, consultants, contractors, suppliers, regulators and academics.

MWA promotes synergy and enhance knowledge and good practice within the Malaysian water and wastewater industries to enable them to achieve their corporate goals and hence contributing effectively towards creating national competitiveness and success.

MWA provides a platform for information and knowledge exchange through its website, conferences and trainings and cooperation with other organizations in the sector. In addition, MWA promotes standardization in water supply and wastewater practices, and also in goods, equipment and fittings used in the water supply and the Waste water industries.

The Philippine Association of Water Districts (PAWD) was founded in 1974 and is an umbrella organization of all duly organized water districts (WD’s) in the Philippines. It has more than 560 members.

PAWD commits itself to be an active partner to promote and foster well being of all water districts in the country by (1) Serving as a national forum and clearing house for all matters and problems relating to water districts' operations; (2) Promoting brotherhood and cordiality among its members by strengthening the association in terms of unity towards a better future; Coordinating and cooperating with the public and private entities in the development, conservation, and disposition of all water resources.

PAWD organizes conferences, seminars, workshops and trainings on managerial and technical issues for its members, publishes the Aquarius Magazine, and provides its members with information on government regulations and procedures.

PAWD nominates the SEAWUN Board Member for the Philippines.

The Vietnam Water Supply and Sewerage Association (VWSA) was established in 1998, and has more than 230 members from water supply and sewerage utilities, consulting companies, materials and equipment providers.

VWSA’s provides a platform for all organizations, business entities, officials, workers, managers, scientists with an interest in the water supply and sewerage sector. It aims at supporting its members in improving their knowledge and skills, exchanging information on the management, economic, scientific and technical achievements, cooperating in business and also social and cultural activities, and contributing to the improvement of the efficiency of water services management as well as protection of the rights and benefits of consumers.

VWSA organizes scientific, technical and managing conferences and seminars and specialized trainings. It also disseminates scientific and technical knowledge and collaborates with local and external organizations to provide human resource training for the water supply, sewerage and sanitation sector, especially for the remote provinces

The Thai Waterworks Association (TWWA)